Jian-Ping Jin, M.D., Ph.D.
Jian-Ping Jin, M.D., Ph.D.
Professor Emeritus of Physiology
Areas of InterestGene regulation and structural-function relationships of contractile and cytoskeleton proteins
Dr. Jin was Chair of the Department of Physiology from June 2009 to December 2020. Dr. Jin came to the School of Medicine from the Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, where he served as Chief of Molecular Cardiology and Professor of Medicine. Dr. Jin completed his undergraduate studies and received his medical degree from the Fourth Military Medical University in Xi'an, China. He received his doctorate degree in Molecular Biology from the University of Iowa. Dr. Jin's research interest is in the area of protein structure-function relationships. His laboratory's focus on two actin filament-associated regulatory proteins, troponin and calponin, as model systems.
Dr. Jin is currently Professor of Physiology and Biophysics and Associate Director of the Center for Cardiovascular Research at the University of Illinois at Chicago.
Established in 1993, my lab is interested in the regulation and structure-function relationships of contractile and cytoskeleton proteins.
Muscle (cardiac, skeletal and smooth) contraction and non-muscle cell motility play vital roles in physiological activities and pathological conditions. Our research is focused on actin thin filament-associated regulatory proteins: troponin and calponin, to study their regulation and structure-function relationships. Molecular biology and genetic approaches are used to investigate protein isoform evolution and expression as well as to provide engineered protein constructs for functional characterization. Biochemical, biophysical and immunochemical methods are used in studying protein structure and function. Cell culture systems and transgenic/gene knock-out/knock-in mouse models are developed for integrative functional characterizations at cellular, organ and whole animal levels.
On going projects:
a) Regulation and function of troponin T isoforms: Biochemical and biophysical studies are performed to investigate the functional significance of various troponin T isoforms in the Ca2+-regulation of cardiac and skeletal muscle contraction and diseases. The studies are focused on the abnormal cardiac troponin T splicing variants found in dilated cardiomyopathy and a slow skeletal muscle troponin T mutation that causes a lethal type of nemaline myopathy. This line of study is currently funded by NIH grants R01HL127691 and R01AR048816.
b) Post-translational regulation of troponin during muscle adaptation and diseases: Proteolytic modification of troponin I and troponin T is studied for functional significance and therapeutic values in the Ca2+-regulation of myocardial contraction in adaptation to hemodynamic stresses, myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury, heart failure, and skeletal muscle fatigue. This line of study is currently funded by NIH grants R01HL98945 and R01HL127691
c) Mechanical tension regulation and function of calponin: To study calponin's function as a troponin analog in smooth muscle and non-muscle cells, we are investigating their role in the fine-tuning of smooth muscle contractility, non-muscle motility, and the function of actin cytoskeleton during development, tissue remodeling and cytokinesis. The study is focused on mechanical tension regulated calponin gene expression and protein degradation in epithelial, endothelial, fibroblast, macrophages and smooth muscle cells.
d) Protein engineering and immunological detection of biomarkers: Advanced technologies are used to generate novel tools and develop new diagnostic methods for myocardial and infectious diseases, as well as industrial production of recombinant proteins. This line of research is currently supported by a collaboration contract and NIH grant R21AI116659.
A list of Dr. Jin's publications can be found at PubMed-Jin
Dr. Jin is also Editor in Chief - Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Post Graduate Training
- Residency in Cardiology at Tangdu Hospital, Xi'an, China
- Post-doctoral fellowship in protein chemistry at the University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
- Post-doctoral fellowship in biochemistry at the University of Texas at Austin
Awards & Honors
- University of Sydney, Australia, Exchange Medical Student Award (1982)
- Alberta Heritage Foundation for Medical Research Fellowship (1991-93)
- Medical Research Council of Canada Development Scholarship (1993-1998)
- Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada Research Scholarship (1993-1998)
- Elected to the Academy of Scholars, WSU (2016)
- Regulation and structure-function relationship of muscle and cytoskeleton regulatory proteins
- Muscle contractility and myopathies
- Posttranslational regulation of troponin function in heart failure and muscle fatigue
- Mechanoregulation and cell motility